AUTOPLAY
Painting 5: Advanced Mark-Making
39 steps
What you’ll need
Various colors
Acrylic Paint
1 or 2
Paintbrushes
1
Piece of White Eraser
2
Painting Surface (Canvas, Panel or Other)
1
Palette Knife
1
Painting Palette
Various
Household Objects With Texture (Bubble Wrap, Sponge, Etc)
There’s more to painting then color and composition. There’s also how you lay down your paint.
1. There’s more to painting then color and composition. There’s also how you lay down your paint.
1
There are many ways to make marks with traditional tools like paint brushes and palette knives.
2. There are many ways to make marks with traditional tools like paint brushes and palette knives.
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With a paintbrush you can lay paint down thickly with bold strokes.
3. With a paintbrush you can lay paint down thickly with bold strokes.
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You can also thin your paint down with water or medium and make washers with various opacities.
4. You can also thin your paint down with water or medium and make washers with various opacities.
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You can use a dry brush with very little paint, just brushing the surface texture of a canvas.
5. You can use a dry brush with very little paint, just brushing the surface texture of a canvas.
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A mark with a palette knife can be laid on thickly...
6. A mark with a palette knife can be laid on thickly...
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... or scraped flat against your canvas, filling in the texture...
7. ... or scraped flat against your canvas, filling in the texture...
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... or dragged very lightly across the surface.
8. ... or dragged very lightly across the surface.
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Many other tools can also be used with paint. Here I use a sponge without water and with.
9. Many other tools can also be used with paint. Here I use a sponge without water and with.
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I didn’t fully mix together my yellow and blue to give variety. The sponge has a splotchy effect.
10. I didn’t fully mix together my yellow and blue to give variety. The sponge has a splotchy effect.
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The wet sponge gave me a wash over a large area very quickly.
11. The wet sponge gave me a wash over a large area very quickly.
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All of these affects become more interesting when you layer them with multiple colors.
12. All of these affects become more interesting when you layer them with multiple colors.
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Thick palette knife marks are dramatic.
13. Thick palette knife marks are dramatic.
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A scraped pallet mark on top of another allows the original color to show through.
14. A scraped pallet mark on top of another allows the original color to show through.
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Washes layered on each other also show both colors.
15. Washes layered on each other also show both colors.
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This is dry brush on top of a wash. All of these emphasize the canvas texture in a different way.
16. This is dry brush on top of a wash. All of these emphasize the canvas texture in a different way.
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You can build layers with the sponge as well.
17. You can build layers with the sponge as well.
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Another way to make texture is to use a sponge/brush to do a wet wash, then press plastic into it.
18. Another way to make texture is to use a sponge/brush to do a wet wash, then press plastic into it.
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Weigh it down with something and let it fully dry, then peel it off.
19. Weigh it down with something and let it fully dry, then peel it off.
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You can get all kinds of surprising patterns and textures this way.
20. You can get all kinds of surprising patterns and textures this way.
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This time I’ll try it with other household textures: tinfoil, bubble wrap, a scrap of placemat.
21. This time I’ll try it with other household textures: tinfoil, bubble wrap, a scrap of placemat.
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The places where my objects were in contact with the canvas made the paint pool in interesting ways.
22. The places where my objects were in contact with the canvas made the paint pool in interesting ways.
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 Each material left a very different texture behind, all unpredictable and surprising.
23.  Each material left a very different texture behind, all unpredictable and surprising.
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Let’s try another tool. This is a piece of white eraser with notches cut into the edges.
24. Let’s try another tool. This is a piece of white eraser with notches cut into the edges.
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After laying down paint on a smooth surface, you can remove paint with your textured eraser.
25. After laying down paint on a smooth surface, you can remove paint with your textured eraser.
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It creates a wonderful stripy texture.
26. It creates a wonderful stripy texture.
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If you do it on top of another color instead of white, that color will of course show through.
27. If you do it on top of another color instead of white, that color will of course show through.
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Had I let the pink dry, the pink would have remained more strongly.
28. Had I let the pink dry, the pink would have remained more strongly.
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You can also scrape lines with control with a rubber brush or even the back end of a paint brush.
29. You can also scrape lines with control with a rubber brush or even the back end of a paint brush.
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It has a very different look than trying to paint thin lines on top with a brush.
30. It has a very different look than trying to paint thin lines on top with a brush.
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Like everything else, this effect gets more interesting when it is layered with other colors.
31. Like everything else, this effect gets more interesting when it is layered with other colors.
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You can get blocks of color with very sharp edges using masking, painters, or artists tape.
32. You can get blocks of color with very sharp edges using masking, painters, or artists tape.
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Various techniques can be combined. I’ll start a painting on the canvas with the plastic texture.
33. Various techniques can be combined. I’ll start a painting on the canvas with the plastic texture.
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I’ve added a large bubble wrap texture on top. This will be my background texture.
34. I’ve added a large bubble wrap texture on top. This will be my background texture.
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I’m going to do a palette knife painting of a clementine on top of the background texture.
35. I’m going to do a palette knife painting of a clementine on top of the background texture.
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Now use a paintbrush to clean up the edges and integrate it with the background. More bubble wrap!
36. Now use a paintbrush to clean up the edges and integrate it with the background. More bubble wrap!
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After it’s dry, I remove the bubble wrap.
37. After it’s dry, I remove the bubble wrap.
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A few final touches and some marks with my eraser tool and I’m finished!
38. A few final touches and some marks with my eraser tool and I’m finished!
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The possibilities are endless. Good luck with your mark-making experiments!
39. The possibilities are endless. Good luck with your mark-making experiments!
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